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Collisions at Crosswalks: Pedestrian Rights and Legal Recourse


Crosswalks are designed to provide pedestrians with a safe path to navigate across roadways. However, unfortunate accidents and collisions can still occur, often leading to severe injuries or even fatalities. Understanding pedestrian rights and the legal recourse available to victims is crucial in ensuring justice and promoting safer communities. This blog aims to shed light on the topic of collisions at crosswalks, exploring the rights of pedestrians and the legal options they have in such situations.

Collisions at crosswalks are a serious concern that can lead to severe injuries and even fatalities. Pedestrians have the right to use crosswalks safely, and it's essential for both drivers and pedestrians to understand their respective responsibilities in order to prevent accidents.

Understanding Pedestrian Rights

In California, pedestrians have certain rights and responsibilities when crossing the road. Understanding these rights is crucial for pedestrians to ensure their safety and exercise their legal entitlements. Here's an overview of pedestrian rights when crossing the road in California:

  1. Right of Way: Pedestrians generally have the right of way when crossing the road at marked or unmarked crosswalks. Vehicles must yield to pedestrians and allow them to cross safely. This applies to both regular intersections and mid-block crosswalks.
  2. Crosswalks: Pedestrians should use designated crosswalks whenever available. Crosswalks are typically marked with white lines or other appropriate markings on the road. However, it's important to note that pedestrians still have the right of way even if they are crossing outside of a marked crosswalk.
  3. Traffic Signals: Pedestrians must follow traffic signals and pedestrian control signals at intersections. When the "walk" signal is displayed, pedestrians have the right of way to cross the road. When the "don't walk" or flashing red hand signal is shown, pedestrians should not start crossing the road.
  4. Jaywalking: Jaywalking refers to crossing the road in an illegal or unsafe manner, such as crossing outside of a marked crosswalk or against a traffic signal. While jaywalking is not recommended, it does not absolve drivers of their responsibility to yield to pedestrians if they are crossing legally.
  5. Yielding to Emergency Vehicles: Pedestrians must yield the right of way to emergency vehicles when they are using their lights and sirens. This means stepping to the side and allowing emergency vehicles to pass safely.
  6. Sidewalks and Walking Paths: Pedestrians should use sidewalks or walking paths when available. If there is no sidewalk, pedestrians should walk facing oncoming traffic as far to the left side of the road as possible.
  7. Distracted Walking: Pedestrians should refrain from engaging in activities that may distract them while crossing the road. This includes using electronic devices, listening to loud music, or any other behavior that may impair their awareness of their surroundings.
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Responsibility of Drivers at Crosswalks

Drivers In California, have specific legal obligations to exercise caution and yield to pedestrians at crosswalks. These obligations are in place to ensure the safety of pedestrians and reduce the risk of accidents. Here are the key legal obligations that drivers must adhere to:

  1. Yielding the Right of Way: When approaching a crosswalk, whether marked or unmarked, drivers are required to yield the right of way to pedestrians who are crossing or waiting to cross the road. This means that drivers must slow down or stop to allow pedestrians to safely proceed.
  2. Stopping for Pedestrians: Drivers must come to a complete stop if a pedestrian is already crossing the road within a crosswalk or approaching a crosswalk with the intent to cross. It is important for drivers to remain stopped until the pedestrian has completely cleared the lane in which they are driving, as well as any adjacent lanes.
  3. No Passing: It is prohibited for drivers to pass another vehicle that has stopped at a crosswalk to allow pedestrians to cross. Passing in such situations puts pedestrians at risk and is considered a violation of traffic laws.
  4. Exercise Due Care: Drivers have a legal duty to exercise reasonable care and caution when driving near or approaching a crosswalk. This includes reducing speed, being alert, and being prepared to stop in order to avoid colliding with pedestrians.
  5. Right Turns: When making a right turn at an intersection or into a driveway, drivers must yield the right of way to pedestrians who are crossing the road they are turning onto. This applies even if there is no marked crosswalk at the intersection.
  6. Left Turns: Drivers making left turns must yield to pedestrians who are lawfully crossing the road they are turning onto. It is crucial for drivers to carefully scan for pedestrians and ensure that they have sufficient time to complete their turn without endangering those on foot.
  7. School Zones: In school zones, drivers must exercise increased caution and lower their speed. They must yield to pedestrians, especially children, who are crossing the road within or near the designated school zone.

Drivers need to be aware of these legal obligations and follow them diligently. Failure to yield to pedestrians at crosswalks can result in accidents, injuries, and legal consequences for the driver, including fines, points on their driving record, and increased insurance premiums. By respecting the rights of pedestrians and practicing safe driving habits, drivers can contribute to a safer road environment for everyone.

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Photo by Rolando Garrido on Unsplash

Types of Collisions at Crosswalks

Collisions at crosswalks can occur in various ways. Some common types of collisions include:

1. Vehicle-Pedestrian Collisions

These occur when a vehicle strikes a pedestrian while crossing the road at a crosswalk. Such collisions can lead to severe injuries or even fatalities.

2. Turning Vehicle Collisions

In these situations, a vehicle making a turn fails to notice a pedestrian in the crosswalk, resulting in a collision. Left-turn accidents are particularly common in these cases.

3. Failure to Yield Collisions

When a driver fails to yield to a pedestrian who has the right of way, a collision can occur. This often happens when drivers are distracted or inattentive.

4. Crosswalk Marking and Signage Collisions

Poorly marked crosswalks or missing signage can contribute to accidents at crosswalks. Lack of visibility can make it challenging for drivers to identify and yield to pedestrians.

Importance of Legal Representation

Having legal representation is essential for pedestrians seeking recourse after a collision at a crosswalk. A knowledgeable personal injury attorney can guide pedestrians through the legal process, negotiate with insurance companies, and represent their interests in court if necessary. By enlisting the help of an attorney, pedestrians can level the playing field, protect their rights, and increase their chances of obtaining a favorable outcome in their case. Here's why legal representation is crucial:

Legal Expertise

Personal injury attorneys specialize in handling cases related to accidents and injuries. They have a deep understanding of the laws, regulations, and legal procedures relevant to pedestrian accidents at crosswalks. Their expertise allows them to navigate the legal system effectively and build a strong case on behalf of the pedestrian.

Case Evaluation

A personal injury attorney will thoroughly assess the details of the collision, gather evidence, interview witnesses, and evaluate the extent of your injuries and damages. This comprehensive evaluation helps determine the strength of your case and the potential compensation you may be entitled to.

Knowledge of Insurance Claims

Dealing with insurance companies can be complex and intimidating. Insurance adjusters may attempt to minimize your claim or offer a settlement that falls short of what you deserve. An experienced attorney knows how to handle insurance negotiations, ensuring your rights are protected and fighting for a fair settlement that adequately covers your damages.

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Legal Recourse for Pedestrians Accidents

Pedestrians involved in collisions at crosswalks have legal options to seek recourse for their injuries and damages. It's important for pedestrians to understand these options to protect their rights and pursue the appropriate legal course of action. Here are the key legal options available to pedestrians in such situations:

  1. Personal Injury Claim: Pedestrians who have been injured in a collision at a crosswalk may be entitled to file a personal injury claim against the driver responsible for the accident. To establish a strong case, it's crucial for pedestrians to gather evidence such as witness statements, photographs of the scene, medical records, and any other relevant documentation.
  2. Insurance Claims: Pedestrians may also have the option to file a claim with the insurance company of the driver involved in the collision. This could include the driver's auto insurance or, in some cases, the pedestrian's own insurance if they have uninsured/underinsured motorist coverage. Working with an experienced personal injury attorney can help navigate the insurance claims process.
  3. Comparative Fault: In some situations, it may be determined that the pedestrian shares a portion of the fault for the collision. However, California follows a comparative fault system, which means that even if the pedestrian is partially at fault, they may still be able to recover damages. The compensation awarded would be reduced in proportion to the degree of fault assigned to the pedestrian.
  4. Settlement Negotiation: Pedestrians have the option to negotiate a settlement with the at-fault driver or their insurance company. A skilled personal injury attorney can assist in this process by advocating for the pedestrian's rights and seeking a fair and just settlement that adequately compensates for their injuries, medical expenses, lost wages, pain and suffering, and other damages.
  5. Legal Representation: It is highly recommended for pedestrians involved in collisions at crosswalks to seek legal representation from a qualified personal injury attorney. An attorney can provide invaluable guidance, protect the pedestrian's rights, gather evidence, negotiate with insurance companies, and, if necessary, represent the pedestrian's interests in court.

Pedestrian Accident Compensation

Pedestrians can pursue compensation for various damages resulting from a collision, including:

  • Medical Expenses: Pedestrians can seek compensation for their medical expenses related to the collision. This includes hospital bills, doctor's visits, surgery costs, medication, rehabilitation, physical therapy, and any other necessary medical treatments. It's essential to keep all medical records, bills, and receipts as evidence of the expenses incurred.
  • Lost Wages: If the pedestrian sustains injuries that result in the inability to work or a loss of earning capacity, they may be eligible to claim lost wages. This includes the income they would have earned during the recovery period or any long-term impact on their ability to work and earn a living. Documentation such as employment records, pay stubs, and statements from employers can support the claim for lost wages.
  • Pain and Suffering: Pedestrians can seek compensation for the physical pain, emotional distress, and mental anguish they experience as a result of the collision. Pain and suffering damages are subjective and vary depending on the severity and long-term impact of the injuries. They are intended to compensate the pedestrian for the physical and emotional hardships endured due to the accident.

Compensation can help alleviate the financial burden caused by the accident and aid in the recovery process.

Tips for Pedestrian Safety

To reduce the risk of collisions at crosswalks, pedestrians should follow these safety tips:

  • Always use designated crosswalks when available.
  • Wait for a clear signal or adequate gap in traffic before crossing.
  • Make eye contact with drivers to ensure they see you.
  • Avoid distractions, such as using mobile phones or wearing headphones while crossing.
  • Wear reflective clothing or accessories in low-light conditions.


Collisions at crosswalks can have devastating consequences for pedestrians. Understanding pedestrian rights and legal recourse is crucial for both pedestrians and drivers. By being aware of their responsibilities and seeking legal representation when necessary, pedestrians can protect their rights and receive the compensation they deserve in the event of a collision at a crosswalk.

An experienced attorney can evaluate your case, help you understand your rights, and advocate for your best interests. Pedestrian accident attorneys at Mendez & Sanchez are dedicated to representing our clients and fighting for their rights and protection, if you need help or some legal representations don’t hesitate to contact us.


1. What should I do if I'm involved in a collision at a crosswalk?

If you're involved in a collision at a crosswalk, prioritize your safety and seek medical attention if needed. Gather evidence, report the incident to the authorities, and consult with a personal injury attorney to understand your legal options.

2. Can I receive compensation if I was partially at fault for the collision?

The compensation you may receive can be influenced by the degree of fault assigned to each party. Even if you were partially at fault, you may still be entitled to receive compensation, although the amount could be reduced.

3. How long do I have to file a personal injury claim after a collision at a crosswalk?

The time limit for filing a personal injury claim, known as the statute of limitations, varies depending on jurisdiction. It's important to consult with an attorney promptly to ensure you meet the applicable deadlines.

4. What if the driver flees the scene after a collision at a crosswalk?

If the driver leaves the scene without stopping or providing necessary information, it's considered a hit-and-run. Report the incident to the authorities immediately, and gather any available information, such as the license plate number or vehicle description.

5. Can I still file a personal injury claim if I didn't seek immediate medical attention after the collision?

While seeking immediate medical attention is recommended, delayed symptoms or injuries may still be valid grounds for a personal injury claim. It's crucial to consult with a personal injury attorney who can assess the circumstances and advise you accordingly.

Credit: Main Image by Freepik

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