Animal Attack

What To Know About Dog Bites To Get Compensated Properly

Angry dog growling and showing teeth to a person's hand.

Table of Contents


Understanding the Prevalence of Dog Bites

Dog Bite Laws and Liability

What Types Of Injuries Can Be Sustained From Dog Bites?

Steps to Take After a Dog Bite Incident

Gathering Evidence for Your Case

Seeking Medical Attention and Documenting Injuries

The Importance of Hiring an Experienced Dog Bite Attorney




German Shepherd angrily growling.
Photo by Alexas Fotos

In this article, we will explore important information that every individual should be aware of when it comes to dog bites and getting compensated properly for the injuries sustained. Dog bites can be a traumatic and painful experience, often resulting in severe physical and emotional consequences. Understanding your rights and taking appropriate actions after a dog bite incident is crucial to ensure you receive the compensation you deserve. At Mendez & Sanchez Law, our personal injury law firm based in Los Angeles, California, we have dealt with numerous dog bite cases and are committed to providing professional and emotional support to victims seeking justice.

Understanding the Prevalence of Dog Bites

Dog bites are more common than you might think. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are approximately 4.5 million dog bites in the United States each year. Nearly one in five of these bites results in an injury requiring medical attention. Children and the elderly are especially vulnerable to severe dog bite injuries. Understanding the frequency and seriousness of dog bites emphasizes the importance of being aware and taking necessary precautions.

Children and the elderly are particularly vulnerable to severe dog bite injuries due to their physical limitations and sometimes inability to read and interpret canine body language accurately. For children, their smaller size and lack of understanding about appropriate interactions with dogs can inadvertently provoke a dog. For example, a child may approach a dog too quickly, make sudden movements, or try to hug the dog tightly, which can be perceived as threatening by the dog, leading to a defensive response.

Additionally, children may not recognize the warning signs of an agitated or fearful dog, such as growling or showing teeth, and may not know how to react appropriately. In some cases, dogs may see children as prey or objects to chase, especially if the child is running or screaming, which can trigger a predatory response from the dog.

For the elderly, physical frailty and decreased mobility can make it challenging to avoid or escape from an aggressive dog. Older individuals may also have difficulty fending off a dog attack, leading to more severe injuries. Moreover, elderly individuals may not be able to seek immediate medical attention after a dog bite, which can exacerbate the consequences of the injury.

It is essential for parents, caregivers, and family members to supervise interactions between children and dogs carefully. Educating children about dog safety and how to approach dogs cautiously and respectfully can significantly reduce the risk of dog bite incidents. Similarly, caregivers of elderly individuals should be aware of potential hazards and take preventive measures to ensure their safety around dogs.

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Dog Bite Laws and Liability

Dog bite laws in the United States vary from state to state, and understanding the specific regulations in your jurisdiction is essential when pursuing compensation for dog bite injuries. In California, like many other states, there is a strict liability rule in place regarding dog bites.

The strict liability rule means that dog owners are automatically held responsible for injuries caused by their pets, regardless of whether the dog has a history of aggression or not. This principle is designed to protect victims and ensure that they receive compensation for their injuries without the burden of proving the owner's negligence.

However, it's important to note that there are certain exceptions to the strict liability rule. For instance, if the victim was trespassing on the owner's property at the time of the incident, the owner may not be held liable. Similarly, if the victim provoked the dog or engaged in behavior that could reasonably be considered aggressive towards the dog, the owner may also have a valid defense against liability.

Another crucial factor in determining liability is whether the dog was on a leash or under the owner's control at the time of the attack. In some states, including California, leash laws may come into play, and failure to adhere to these laws can impact the owner's liability.

Moreover, if it can be proven that the dog had a known history of aggressive behavior or had previously bitten someone, the owner may be held to a higher standard of care, and it could strengthen the victim's case for compensation.

 What Types Of Injuries Can Be Sustained From Dog Bites?

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Dog bites can result in a wide range of injuries, varying from minor wounds to severe and life-threatening conditions. Understanding the potential injuries that can be sustained from dog bites is crucial to emphasize the importance of taking immediate action after an incident and seeking medical attention promptly.

  1. Puncture Wounds and Lacerations: One of the most common types of injuries from dog bites is puncture wounds and lacerations. Dog teeth can easily penetrate the skin, causing deep wounds that may require stitches or surgical intervention to prevent infection and promote proper healing.
  2. Infections: Dog bites can introduce bacteria into the victim's bloodstream, leading to infections such as cellulitis, which is a bacterial skin infection. Rabies is another serious concern, although it is relatively rare in domestic dogs. However, any dog with an unknown vaccination history should be treated as a potential rabies risk.
  3. Soft Tissue Damage: The force of a dog bite can cause damage to underlying soft tissues, including muscles, tendons, and ligaments. In some cases, this can result in long-term pain and reduced mobility.
  4. Fractures and Bone Injuries: Particularly in cases involving large and powerful dogs, a dog bite can exert enough force to cause bone fractures or breaks. These injuries can be debilitating and may require extensive medical treatment and rehabilitation.
  5. Nerve Damage: Dog bites that target extremities, such as hands and feet, can injure nerves, leading to temporary or permanent loss of sensation, weakness, or paralysis in the affected area.
  6. Emotional Trauma: Beyond physical injuries, dog bites can have a profound emotional impact, especially for children. Victims may develop anxiety, fear, or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following a dog attack, leading to long-term emotional distress.
  7. Scarring and Disfigurement: Dog bites can leave lasting scars and disfigurement, even after the wounds have healed. These physical reminders of the incident can be a constant source of emotional distress for the victim.
  8. Secondary Infections: If dog bite wounds are not properly cleaned and treated, they can become infected, leading to further complications and prolonged healing times.
  9. Allergic Reactions: Some individuals may experience allergic reactions to dog saliva or the bacteria introduced during the bite, leading to hives, swelling, and respiratory issues.
  10. Death: In rare and extreme cases, dog bites can result in fatal injuries, especially if the victim is a small child or an elderly individual with compromised health.

It is vital to seek medical attention immediately after a dog bite, regardless of the severity of the injury, to assess and address any potential risks of infection or complications. Proper wound care and medical treatment can significantly reduce the chances of severe consequences and aid in a smoother recovery process.

Steps to Take After a Dog Bite Incident

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Experiencing a dog bite can be a distressing and overwhelming event. Taking the right steps immediately after the incident is crucial to protect your health, gather evidence, and ensure you have the necessary documentation for potential legal actions. Here are the detailed steps to follow after a dog bite:

  1. Prioritize Your Safety: Your safety comes first. If the dog is still aggressive or poses a threat, try to create distance between yourself and the dog to prevent further attacks. If possible, find a safe place away from the dog and any potential hazards.
  2. Seek Medical Attention: Even if the dog bite seems minor, it's essential to seek medical attention promptly. Dog bites can lead to serious infections, and medical professionals can properly clean and dress the wound to reduce the risk of complications.
  3. Identify the Dog and Its Owner: If you are able to do so safely, identify the dog responsible for the bite and obtain information about its owner. Ask for the owner's name, contact details, and any information about the dog's vaccination history.
  4. Document the Scene: Take photos or videos of the location where the dog bite occurred. Capture any visible signs of negligence, such as broken fences or lack of proper containment for the dog. This documentation may be valuable evidence later on.
  5. Collect Witness Information: If there were any witnesses to the incident, collect their contact information. Witnesses can provide crucial testimony to support your case if legal action becomes necessary.
  6. Report the Incident: Contact local animal control or law enforcement to report the dog bite incident. This helps create an official record of the incident, and authorities can take appropriate actions to ensure public safety.
  7. Preserve Evidence: Preserve any torn clothing or items that may have been damaged during the incident. These items can serve as physical evidence of the attack and help establish liability.
  8. Seek Legal Representation: Consult with an experienced dog bite attorney as soon as possible. A skilled attorney can guide you through the legal process, protect your rights, and ensure you receive fair compensation for your injuries.
  9. Document Your Injuries: Keep detailed records of your injuries and medical treatment. Documenting your pain, recovery progress, and any emotional distress will strengthen your case for compensation.
  10. Avoid Making Statements: Refrain from making statements to insurance companies or the dog owner without consulting your attorney first. Anything you say could be used against you later, potentially impacting your chances of receiving fair compensation.
  11. Follow Medical Advice: Adhere to all medical advice and treatment plans recommended by healthcare professionals. Properly documenting your medical treatment is vital for establishing the extent of your injuries.
  12. Stay Off Social Media: Avoid posting about the incident on social media, as anything you post could be used to discredit your claim.

By following these detailed steps, you can ensure that you take the necessary actions to protect your well-being and strengthen your case if you decide to pursue compensation for your dog bite injuries.

4. Gathering Evidence for Your Case

By prioritizing the collection of these crucial pieces of evidence, you can strengthen your dog bite case and increase your chances of receiving fair compensation for your injuries and damages:

Gathering strong and compelling evidence is crucial in building a solid case after a dog bite incident. The right evidence can help establish liability and support your claim for compensation. Here are the types of evidence that should be prioritized in a dog bite case:

  1. Photographic Evidence: Take clear and detailed photographs of your injuries as soon as possible after the dog bite. Photographs should show the extent of the wounds, any visible bruising or swelling, and the overall condition of the affected area. Additionally, photograph the location where the incident occurred and any relevant factors that may have contributed to the attack, such as broken fences or lack of proper containment for the dog.
  2. Medical Records: Seek immediate medical attention and keep records of all medical treatment related to the dog bite. This includes hospital or clinic visits, prescriptions, and any ongoing medical care such as wound dressing changes or physical therapy sessions. Medical records are essential in documenting the severity of your injuries and the associated medical expenses.
  3. Witness Statements: Obtain statements from any witnesses who saw the dog bite incident. Their testimonies can provide valuable information about how the incident occurred and can corroborate your version of events. Be sure to collect the witnesses' contact information to facilitate further communication if needed.
  4. Dog Owner Information: Gather as much information as possible about the dog and its owner. Obtain the owner's name, address, phone number, and any details regarding the dog's vaccination history. Identifying the dog owner is vital for establishing liability.
  5. Animal Control Reports: If you reported the dog bite to local animal control or law enforcement, obtain a copy of the official incident report. This report will create an official record of the incident and can be useful in your case.
  6. Previous Incidents or Complaints: Investigate if there have been previous incidents involving the same dog or complaints about its aggressive behavior. Such information can demonstrate a history of the dog's aggression and strengthen your case for compensation.
  7. Proof of Expenses: Keep track of all expenses related to the dog bite incident, including medical bills, medication costs, and any other out-of-pocket expenses. These documents will help calculate the financial losses you have incurred due to the attack.
  8. Lost Income Documentation: If the dog bite has caused you to miss work or resulted in a loss of income, obtain documentation from your employer confirming the dates and hours you were unable to work. This information will support your claim for compensation for lost wages.
  9. Emotional Impact Documentation: Document the emotional impact the dog bite has had on your life, including any psychological distress or anxiety you may be experiencing. This can be achieved through a personal journal or therapy records, showcasing the emotional toll of the incident.
  10. Leash Laws and Regulations: Research and find out if there are any leash laws or regulations in the area where the dog bite occurred. If the dog was not properly restrained, this information can be used to establish negligence on the part of the owner.

Do remember, a good dog bite injury attorney will help you acquire and guide you through this process, ideally you should contact an attorney as soon as possible so you don't miss out on crucial piece of evidence.

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Seeking Medical Attention and Documenting Injuries

After a dog bite injury, seeking prompt medical attention is essential to assess and address the extent of your injuries. Medical professionals will conduct various checks and procedures to ensure your well-being and properly document the injuries. Here are common medical checks and procedures that might be performed after a dog bite:

  1. Wound Assessment: The healthcare provider will assess the wound to determine its severity and potential risk of infection. They will examine the depth, size, and location of the bite, as well as any surrounding tissue damage.
  2. Cleaning and Dressing: Proper cleaning of the wound is crucial to reduce the risk of infection. The wound will be carefully cleaned, and the healthcare provider may apply an antibiotic ointment or dressing to promote healing.
  3. Tetanus Shot: If your tetanus vaccination is not up to date or if the dog bite is particularly deep or contaminated, the healthcare provider may administer a tetanus shot to protect against tetanus infection.
  4. X-rays: If there is a suspicion of underlying bone injuries, such as fractures or breaks, the healthcare provider may order X-rays to assess the extent of the damage.
  5. Stitches or Sutures: In cases of deep or extensive wounds, the healthcare provider may close the wound with stitches or sutures to promote healing and minimize scarring.
  6. Prescription Medications: Depending on the severity of the injury and the risk of infection, the healthcare provider may prescribe antibiotics to prevent or treat infections. Pain medication may also be prescribed to manage any discomfort or pain.
  7. Follow-Up Care: Some dog bite injuries may require ongoing medical care, such as wound dressing changes or suture removal. It is essential to follow up with your healthcare provider as advised to ensure proper healing.
  8. Rabies Prevention: If there is a concern about rabies exposure, the healthcare provider may recommend post-exposure prophylaxis, a series of rabies vaccinations, to prevent the development of the disease.
  9. Documentation of Injuries: Throughout the medical evaluation and treatment process, the healthcare provider will thoroughly document the extent of your injuries, including photographs and written descriptions. These medical records will serve as crucial evidence when pursuing compensation for your dog bite injuries.
  10. Psychological Assessment: Beyond physical injuries, the healthcare provider may assess your emotional well-being and provide resources for managing any emotional distress or trauma resulting from the dog bite.

Remember to be thorough when explaining your symptoms and the circumstances of the dog bite to the healthcare provider.

The Importance of Hiring an Experienced Dog Bite Attorney

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Navigating the legal process and dealing with insurance companies can be overwhelming, especially when recovering from a dog bite injury. Hiring an experienced dog bite attorney like Mendez & Sanchez Law will significantly improve your chances of receiving fair compensation. An attorney can help gather evidence, negotiate with insurance companies, and represent you in court if necessary. The following sections are meant to give you a general guide and our legal advice when it comes to dealing with dog bite injuries from the legal perspective:

Communicating with Insurance Companies

Insurance companies may try to settle quickly and for a lower amount than you deserve. Be cautious when dealing with them directly and avoid making recorded statements without consulting your attorney. Insurance adjusters might use your statements against you to reduce the settlement amount.

Negotiating a Fair Settlement

Your attorney will work with you to calculate the total damages you have suffered, including medical expenses, lost wages, pain and suffering, and emotional distress. Negotiations for a fair settlement will be based on these damages and the circumstances of the dog bite incident.

Preparing for a Lawsuit

If negotiations with the insurance company fail to produce a satisfactory settlement, your attorney will prepare to file a lawsuit. This step involves submitting the necessary legal documents and preparing your case for court.

Factors Affecting Compensation

Several factors can influence the compensation you receive for a dog bite injury. These include the severity of the injuries, the impact on your daily life, the level of negligence displayed by the dog owner, and the skill of your attorney in presenting your case.

Emotional and Psychological Impact of Dog Bites

Dog bites not only cause physical injuries but can also leave lasting emotional and psychological scars. Many victims experience anxiety, fear, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following a dog attack. Seeking therapy and emotional support is essential for the healing process.

Rehabilitation and Recovery Process

Recovering from a dog bite injury might involve ongoing medical treatments, physical therapy, and in severe cases, reconstructive surgery. Understanding the recovery process and the resources available for rehabilitation is crucial for a successful recovery.

Common Defenses in Dog Bite Cases

Dog owners may employ various defenses to avoid liability, such as claiming the victim provoked the dog or was trespassing. Your attorney will be prepared to counter these defenses with evidence and legal arguments.

Public Awareness and Prevention Measures

Raising public awareness about responsible pet ownership and dog bite prevention is vital to reducing the number of dog bite incidents. Implementing preventive measures, such as proper training and leash laws, can significantly decrease the risk of dog attacks.


In conclusion, dog bite injuries can have far-reaching consequences on the lives of victims, impacting both their physical well-being and emotional state. The trauma caused by a dog bite extends beyond the initial incident, often leading to long-term emotional distress and psychological scars. If you or a loved one has experienced a dog bite, understanding your rights and taking immediate action is crucial to protect your health, secure the compensation you deserve, and begin the healing process.

At Mendez & Sanchez Law, we are passionate about advocating for dog bite victims and providing them with the support they need during these challenging times. Our experienced team of dog bite attorneys has a deep understanding of dog bite laws in California and will tirelessly fight to hold negligent dog owners accountable for their pets' actions. We are committed to helping you obtain the compensation needed to cover medical expenses, lost wages, and the emotional toll of the incident.

When you choose Mendez & Sanchez Law, you can rest assured that your case will be handled with the utmost professionalism, compassion, and dedication. Our attorneys will work closely with you, keeping you informed throughout the legal process and answering any questions or concerns you may have.

If you or a loved one has been the victim of a dog bite, do not hesitate to reach out to Mendez & Sanchez Law for a free consultation. We will assess the details of your case, provide honest and comprehensive advice, and guide you through the legal process with care and expertise. Your well-being and pursuit of justice are our top priorities, and we are ready to stand by your side every step of the way.


Yes, you can still seek compensation for a dog bite, even if it was your friend's dog. Remember, personal injury claims are usually covered by the dog owner's homeowner's insurance policy.

Even if the dog had no prior history of aggression, the owner can still be held liable under strict liability laws in many states.

The statute of limitations for dog bite lawsuits varies by state. In California, you generally have two years from the date of the incident to file a lawsuit.

Yes, emotional distress is often compensable in dog bite cases, especially when it leads to long-term psychological issues.

An experienced dog bite attorney will have a thorough understanding of the laws, be able to gather evidence effectively, and negotiate with insurance companies on your behalf to maximize your compensation.

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